Monday, 13 February 2012

Shirk(Polytheism):In Muslim Ummah?

All praise is due to Allah Alone and May Allah's Peace, Mercy be upon Prophet Muhammad, His Family, His Companions and all those who followed their path,This article is in response to those people, who try to defend their shirk by quoting few Ahadith of Prophet(Peace be upon him).

a)Proof from Quran and Sunnah.
b)Refuting arguments of those who quote below Ahadith to prove shirk will not take place in the ummah.
c)The Hour(Qiyamah) is near.
d)How to Guard ourselves from Shirk?
e)For Urdu Readers.




a)Proof from Quran and Sunnah.

Allah Says,“Most Of Them Claims That They Believe In Allah But They Do Shirk.(Quran, Surah Yusuf 12:106)

1-Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned many interpretations including

‘Ataa’ said وذلك أن الكفار يَنْسَون ربهم في الرّخاء، فإذا أصابهم البلاء أخلصوا في الدعاء
that the disbelievers forget their Lord during times of ease, but when they are afflicted by disaster, they supplicate Him sincerely.....
 معناها أنهم يدعون الله ينجيهم من الهَلَكة، فإذا أنجاهم قال قائلهم: لولا فلان ما نجونا، ولولا الكلب لدخل علينا اللّص، ونحو هذا؛ فيجعلون نعمة الله منسوبة إلى فلان، ووقايته منسوبة إلى الكلب.
قلت: وقد يقع في هذا القول والذي قبله كثير من عوامّ المسلمين؛ ولا حول ولا قوّة إلا بالله العلي العظيم.
“It means that they ask of Allah to save them from destruction. When He does, some of them would say, “had it not been for so and so (other than Allah), we would have not survived, and had it not been for the dog, the thief would have been able to come in, etc.” Thus, they attribute the favor of Allah to individuals, and his protection to the dog. I (Qurtubi) say, falling into this and the previous statements many of the Muslim public. [Tafsir Qurtubi]

2-Al-Buhuti says in Kashaf al-Qina:

الخالق هو المخلوق والمخلوق هو الخالق والعبد هو الرب والرب هو العبد ونحو ذلك من المعاني ) التي قام الإجماع على بطلانها يستتاب فإن تاب وإلا قتل
( وكذلك الذين يقولون إن الله تعالى بذاته في كل مكان ويجعلونه مختلطا بالمخلوقات يستتاب فإن تاب وإلا قتل ) وقد عمت البلوى بهذه الفرق وأفسدوا كثيرا من عقائد أهل التوحيد نسأل الله العفو والعافية
“(If one says) The Creator is the creation and the creation is the Creator; and the servant is the Lord and the Lord is the servant, and so on; about which it is proven by consensus that it is false, his repentance is sought, otherwise, he is executed. Similarly, those who say that Allah in essence is everywhere, and they claim that He is dwells in His creation, his repentance is sought, otherwise, he is executed. These sects have now become widespread, and they have corrupted much of the beliefs of the people of Tawheed. We beg Allah for His forgiveness and safety![Taken from IA forum]

3-Imam Ibn-Kathir Said:﴿وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ بِاللَّهِ إِلاَّ وَهُمْ مُّشْرِكُونَ 

(And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him.) Ibn `Abbas commented, "They have a part of faith, for when they are asked, `Who created the heavens Who created the earth Who created the mountains' They say, `Allah did.' Yet, they associate others with Him in worship.'' Similar is said by Mujahid, `Ata, `Ikrimah, Ash-Sha`bi, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam. In the Sahih, it is recorded that during the Hajj season, the idolators used to say in their Talbiyah: "Here we rush to Your service. You have no partners with You, except a partner with You whom You own but he owns not!'' Allah said in another Ayah,

إِنَّ الشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌ

(Verily, joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed.) ﴿31:13﴾ This indeed is the greatest type of Shirk, associating others with Allah in worship. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, "I said, `O Allah's Messenger! What is the greatest sin' He said,

«أَنْ تَجْعَلَ للهِ نِدًّا وَهُوَ خَلَقَك»

(That you call a rival to Allah while He alone created you.)'' Al-Hasan Al-Basri commented on Allah's statement,

وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ بِاللَّهِ إِلاَّ وَهُمْ مُّشْرِكُونَ 

(And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him.) "This is the hypocrite; if he performs good deeds, he does so to show off with the people, and he is an idolator while doing this.'' Al-Hasan was referring to Allah's statement,

إِنَّ الْمُنَـفِقِينَ يُخَـدِعُونَ اللَّهَ وَهُوَ خَادِعُهُمْ وَإِذَا قَامُواْ إِلَى الصَّلَوةِ قَامُواْ كُسَالَى يُرَآءُونَ النَّاسَ وَلاَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً 

(Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up for As-Salah, they stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little.) ﴿4:142﴾ There is another type of hidden Shirk that most people are unaware of. Hammad bin Salamah narrated that `Asim bin Abi An-Najud said that `Urwah said, "Hudhayfah visited an ill man and saw a rope tied around his arm, so he ripped it off while reciting,

وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ بِاللَّهِ إِلاَّ وَهُمْ مُّشْرِكُونَ 

(And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him.) In a Hadith, from Ibn `Umar collected by At-Tirmidhi who said it was Hasan, the Prophet said,

«مَنْ حَلَفَ بِغَيْرِ اللهِ فَقَدْ أَشْرَك»

(He who swears by other than Allah, commits Shirk.) Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud and other scholars of Hadith narrated that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«إِنَّ الرُّقَى وَالتَّمَائِمَ وَالتِّوَلَةَ شِرْك»

(Verily, Ar-Ruqa(Non-Quranic), At-Tama'im and At-Tiwalah are all acts of Shirk.) In another narration collected by Ahmad and Abu Dawud, the Prophet said,

«الطِّيَرَةُ شِرْكٌ وَمَا مِنَّا إِلَّا، وَلَكِنَّ اللهَ يُذْهِبُهُ بِالتَّوَكُّل»

(Verily, At-Tiyarah ﴿omen﴾ is Shirk; everyone might feel a glimpse of it, but Allah dissipates it with Tawakkul.)''

Comment: I quoted these three scholars so that people may know shirk entered into the Muslims centuries ago.
There are Ahadith which states that Muslim Ummah will do shirk (refer to the article Asking Help From Dead is Shirk from Quran,Sunnah and Ijma)

I am afraid about my community of those leaders who will lead astray.When the sword is used among my people, it will not be withdrawn from them till the Day of Resurrection, and the Last Hour(Qiyamat) will not come before the tribes of my people attach themselves to the Shirk(polytheists) and tribes of my people worship idols. (Abu-Dawud, Book 30 Trials and Fierce Battles, Number 4239)

It was narrated from Thawban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam), that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said:“The earth was brought together for me so that I could see the east and the west, and I was given two treasures, the yellow (or the red) and the white – meaning gold and silver. And it was said to me: ‘Your dominion will extend as far as has been shown to you.’ I asked Allah for three things: That my nation would not be overwhelmed by famine that would destroy them all, and that they would not be rent by schism and fight one another, but it was said to me: ‘When I (Allah) issue My decree it cannot be revoked. But I will never cause your nation to be overwhelmed by famine that would destroy them all, and I will not gather their enemies against them (and destroy them) until they annihilate one another and kill one another.’ Once they start to fight amongst themselves, that will continue until the Day of Resurrection. What I fear most for my nation is misguiding leaders. Some tribes among my nation will worship idols and some tribes among my nation will join the idolaters. Before the Hour comes there will be nearly thirty Dajjals (great liars), each of them claiming to be a Prophet. But a group among my nation will continue to adhere to the truth and be victorious, and those who oppose them will not harm them, until the command of Allah comes to pass.’”
حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ شُعَيْبِ بْنِ شَابُورَ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ بَشِيرٍ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُمْ عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ الْجَرْمِيِّ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي أَسْمَاءَ الرَّحَبِيِّ، عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ، مَوْلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ ‏ "‏ زُوِيَتْ لِيَ الأَرْضُ حَتَّى رَأَيْتُ مَشَارِقَهَا وَمَغَارِبَهَا وَأُعْطِيتُ الْكَنْزَيْنِ الأَصْفَرَ - أَوِ الأَحْمَرَ - وَالأَبْيَضَ - يَعْنِي الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ - وَقِيلَ لِي إِنَّ مُلْكَكَ إِلَى حَيْثُ زُوِيَ لَكَ وَإِنِّي سَأَلْتُ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثَلاَثًا أَنْ لاَ يُسَلِّطَ عَلَى أُمَّتِي جُوعًا فَيُهْلِكَهُمْ بِهِ عَامَّةً وَأَنْ لاَ يَلْبِسَهُمْ شِيَعًا وَيُذِيقَ بَعْضَهُمْ بَأْسَ بَعْضٍ وَإِنَّهُ قِيلَ لِي إِذَا قَضَيْتُ قَضَاءً فَلاَ مَرَدَّ لَهُ وَإِنِّي لَنْ أُسَلِّطَ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ جُوعًا فَيُهْلِكَهُمْ فِيهِ وَلَنْ أَجْمَعَ عَلَيْهِمْ مَنْ بَيْنَ أَقْطَارِهَا حَتَّى يُفْنِيَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا وَيَقْتُلَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا ‏.‏ وَإِذَا وُضِعَ السَّيْفُ فِي أُمَّتِي فَلَنْ يُرْفَعَ عَنْهُمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَإِنَّ مِمَّا أَتَخَوَّفُ عَلَى أُمَّتِي أَئِمَّةً مُضِلِّينَ وَسَتَعْبُدُ قَبَائِلُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي الأَوْثَانَ وَسَتَلْحَقُ قَبَائِلُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي بِالْمُشْرِكِيِنَ وَإِنَّ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ السَّاعَةِ دَجَّالِينَ كَذَّابِينَ قَرِيبًا مِنْ ثَلاَثِينَ كُلُّهُمْ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ نَبِيٌّ وَلَنْ تَزَالَ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْ أُمَّتِي عَلَى الْحَقِّ مَنْصُورِينَ لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ لَمَّا فَرَغَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مِنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ مَا أَهْوَلَهُ ‏.‏
Grade:Sahih (Darussalam)  
(Sunan Ibn Majah English reference: Vol. 1, Book 36, Hadith 3952;Arabic reference: Book 36, Hadith 4087)

Thawban narrated that the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said:"The Hour shall not be established until tribes of my Ummah unite with the idolaters, and until they worship idols. And indeed there shall be thirty imposters in my Ummah,each of them claiming that he is a Prophet. And I am the last of the Prophets, there is no Prophet after me." (Sahih)
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي أَسْمَاءَ الرَّحَبِيِّ، عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى تَلْحَقَ قَبَائِلُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي بِالْمُشْرِكِينَ وَحَتَّى يَعْبُدُوا الأَوْثَانَ وَإِنَّهُ سَيَكُونُ فِي أُمَّتِي ثَلاَثُونَ كَذَّابُونَ كُلُّهُمْ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ نَبِيٌّ وَأَنَا خَاتَمُ النَّبِيِّينَ لاَ نَبِيَّ بَعْدِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi English reference: Vol. 4, Book 7, Hadith 2219;Jami` at-TirmidhiArabic reference: Book 29, Hadith 2380)

It was narrated from Bahz bin Hakim, from his father, from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said:“Allah (SWT) will not accept any good deed from a polytheist(Mushrik) who committed polytheism(Shirk) after having become Muslim, until he leaves the polytheists and joins the Muslims.” (Sahih)
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنْ بَهْزِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ يَقْبَلُ اللَّهُ مِنْ مُشْرِكٍ أَشْرَكَ بَعْدَ مَا أَسْلَمَ عَمَلاً حَتَّى يُفَارِقَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
(Sunan Ibn Majah English reference:Vol.3,Book 20,Hadith 2536;Sunan Ibn Majah Arabic reference:Book 20, Hadith 2633)

Bahz bin Hakim narrated from his father that his grandfather said:
"I said: 'O Prophet of Allah! I did not come to you until I had sworn more that this many times' - the number of fingers on his hands - 'that I would never come to you or follow your religion. I am a man who does not know anything except that which Allah and His Messenger teach me. I ask you by the face of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, with what has your Lord sent you to us? He said: 'With Islam.' I said: What are the signs of Islam? He said; To say: I submit my face to Allah and give up Shirk, and, to establish the Salah and to pay Zakah. Each Muslim is sacred and inviolable to his fellow Muslim; they support one another. Allah does not accept any deed from an idolater after he becomes a Muslim, until he departs from the idolaters and joins the Muslims."' (Hasan)
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْمُعْتَمِرُ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ بَهْزَ بْنَ حَكِيمٍ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ مَا أَتَيْتُكَ حَتَّى حَلَفْتُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ عَدَدِهِنَّ - لأَصَابِعِ يَدَيْهِ - أَلاَّ آتِيَكَ وَلاَ آتِيَ دِينَكَ وَإِنِّي كُنْتُ امْرَأً لاَ أَعْقِلُ شَيْئًا إِلاَّ مَا عَلَّمَنِي اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَإِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِوَجْهِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِمَا بَعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ إِلَيْنَا قَالَ ‏"‏ بِالإِسْلاَمِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَمَا آيَاتُ الإِسْلاَمِ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تَقُولَ أَسْلَمْتُ وَجْهِيَ إِلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَتَخَلَّيْتُ وَتُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةَ وَتُؤْتِيَ الزَّكَاةَ كُلُّ مُسْلِمٍ عَلَى مُسْلِمٍ مُحَرَّمٌ أَخَوَانِ نَصِيرَانِ لاَ يَقْبَلُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنْ مُشْرِكٍ بَعْدَ مَا أَسْلَمَ عَمَلاً أَوْ يُفَارِقَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ
(Reference: Sunan an-Nasa'i 2568;Sunan an-Nasa'i English translation: Vol. 3, Book 3, Hadith 2569)

Mahmoud ibn Labeed said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The thing that I fear most for you is MINOR SHIRK.” They said: “O Messenger of Allaah, what is MINOR SHIRK?” He said: “Showing off, for Allaah will say on the Day when people are recompensed for their actions: ‘Go to those for whom you were showing off with your deeds in the world, and see what reward you find with them.(Musnad-e-Ahmad Hadith-27742 Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 951)

Sahih Muslim Book 1 : Hadith 146;Sahih Muslim Book 1 : Hadith 147
It is narrated on the authority of Jabir that he heard the Apostle (may peace and blessings be upon him) saying. Verily between man and between polytheism(shirk) and unbelief(Kufr) is the negligence of prayer.

Sahih Muslim, Book 41, Number 6945:
'A'isha reported: I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The (system) of night and day would not end until the people have taken to the worship of Lat and 'Uzza. I said: Allah's Messenger, I think when Allah has revealed this verse: "He it is Who has sent His Messenger with right guidance, and true religion, so that He may cause it to prevail upon all religions, though the polytheists are averse (to it)", it implies that is going to be fulfilled. Thereupon he (Allah's Apostle) said: It would happen as Allah would like. Then Allah would send the sweet fragrant air by which everyone who has even a mustard grain of faith in Him would die and those only would survive who would have no goodness in them. And they would revert to the religion of their forefathers."

Sahih Bukhari - Volume 4, Book 56, Hadees Number 662:
Narrated Abu Said: The Prophet said, "You will follow the wrong ways, of your predecessors so completely and literally that if they should go into the hole of a mastigure, you too will go there." We said, "O Allah's Apostle! Do you mean the Jews and the Christians?" He replied, "Whom else?" (Meaning, of course, the Jews and the Christians.)

Abu Waqid Al-Laithi narrated that when the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) went out to Hunain he passed a tree that the idolaters called Dhat Anwat upon which they hung their weapons. They(the Companions) said:"O Messenger of Allah! Make a Dhat Anwat for us as they have a Dhat Anwat.' The Prophet (s.a.w) said: "Subhan Allah! This is like what Musa's people said: Make for us a god like their gods. By the One in Whose is my soul! You shall follow the way of those who were before you." (Sahih)
حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمَخْزُومِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سِنَانِ بْنِ أَبِي سِنَانٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَاقِدٍ اللَّيْثِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَمَّا خَرَجَ إِلَى خَيْبَرَ مَرَّ بِشَجَرَةٍ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ يُقَالُ لَهَا ذَاتُ أَنْوَاطٍ يُعَلِّقُونَ عَلَيْهَا أَسْلِحَتَهُمْ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ اجْعَلْ لَنَا ذَاتَ أَنْوَاطٍ كَمَا لَهُمْ ذَاتُ أَنْوَاطٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ هَذَا كَمَا قَالَ قَوْمُ مُوسَى ‏:‏ ‏(‏اجْعَلْ لَنَا إِلَهًا كَمَا لَهُمْ آلِهَةٌ ‏)‏ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَتَرْكَبُنَّ سُنَّةَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو وَاقِدٍ اللَّيْثِيُّ اسْمُهُ الْحَارِثُ بْنُ عَوْفٍ ‏.‏ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi English reference: Vol. 4,Book 7,Hadith 2180;Jami` at-Tirmidhi Arabic reference: Book 29,Hadith 2335)

Sahih Muslim, Book 41, Hadith 6944:
'Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The Last Hour would not come until the women of the tribe of Daus would be seen going round Dhi al-Khalasa (for worship) and Dhi al-Khalasa is a place in tabala,where there was a temple in which the people of the tribe of Daus used to worship the idol."

Sahih Muslim [Arabic only] Hadith 5167:
'Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him)said: The Last Hour would not come until the women of the tribe of Daus would be seen going round Dhul-Khalasah, an idol that the tribe of Daus used to worship during the pre-Islamic era in the ."

Sahih Bukhari, Book 88, Hadith 232:
"Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established till the buttocks of the women of the tribe of Daus move while going round Dhi-al-Khalasa." Dhi-al-Khalasa was the idol of the Daus tribe which they used to worship in the Pre Islamic Period of ignorance."

It was narrated from Zaynab the wife of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood from ‘Abd-Allaah that he said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say,‘Spells (Non-Quranic Ruqyah), Amulets(Taweez) and love-charms are shirk.
(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 3883; Ibn Maajah, 3530)
This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilat al-Saheehah, 331 and 2972.

It was narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir al-Juhani that a group came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) [to swear their allegiance (bay’ah) to him]. He accepted the bay’ah of nine of them but not of one of them. They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, you accepted the bay’ah of nine but not of this one.” He said, “He is wearing an amulet.” The man put his hand (in his shirt) and took it off, then he (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) accepted his bay’ah. He said, ‘Whoever wears an amulet has committed shirk.” (Narrated by Musnad-Ahmad, 16969)
This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 492.

Abdullah bin Masood reports that I have heard the Holy Prophet(saw) saying that blowing (Non-Quranic), Tamiza(Taweez,Talismans), threads and potions are all shirk.(Mishkaat Sharif, pg 389)

Uqbah ibn Amir reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him say, “Whoever hangs an amulet around his neck, then Allah will not fulfill his wishes; and whoever hangs a seashell as a charm, then Allah will not leave him without penalty. ”
عُقْبَةَ بْنَ عَامِرٍ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ مَنْ تَعَلَّقَ تَمِيمَةً فَلَا أَتَمَّ اللَّهُ لَهُ وَمَنْ تَعَلَّقَ وَدَعَةً فَلَا وَدَعَ اللَّهُ لَهُ
16951 مسند أحمد مُسْنَدُ الشَّامِيِّينَ من تعلق تميمة فلا أتم الله له
المحدث ابن باز خلاصة حكم المحدث صحيح.”
[Musnad Ahmad, Number 16951, Sahih,This hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Arna’oot in his commentary on al-Musnad. Seashells were worn to ward off the evil eye.]

Uqba bin Amir Al Jehni relates that a group of people came to the Holy Prophet to make a religious pledge (Bait). The Holy Prophet accepted the pledge from nine of the groups and left one out. The companions asked the Holy Prophet as to why he did not accept the pledge of the one who was left out.The reply was: "I did not make Bait with him because he was wearing a Talisman." On hearing this that person drew the Talisman, out and destroyed it. Thereafter,the Holy Prophet accepted his pledge (bait) and said whoever wears a talisman,he associates partners with Allah (i.e. he practices Shirk).[Musnad Ahmed, Vol. 4 Pg. 156]

Imran ibn Hussein reported: The Prophet, peace be upon him, saw a man wearing a brass ring, so he asked, “What is this?” He said, “It is protection from my arthritis.” So the Prophet said, “Remove it, for indeed it will only increase your arthritis, and if you were to die wearing it you would never be successful.”
عِمْرَانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَبْصَرَ عَلَى عَضُدِ رَجُلٍ حَلْقَةً أُرَاهُ قَالَ مِنْ صُفْرٍ فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ مَا هَذِهِ قَالَ مِنْ الْوَاهِنَةِ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهَا لَا تَزِيدُكَ إِلَّا وَهْنًا انْبِذْهَا عَنْكَ فَإِنَّكَ لَوْ مِتَّ وَهِيَ عَلَيْكَ مَا أَفْلَحْتَ أَبَدًا
19498 مسند أحمد أَوَّلُ مُسْنَدِ الْبَصْرِيِّينَ أما إنها لا تزيدك إلا وهنا انبذها عنك فإنك لو مت وهي عليك ما أفلحت أبدا
المحدث الهيتمي المكي خلاصة حكم المحدث صحيح
[Musnad Ahmad, Number 19498, Sahih]

Narrated ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood(may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet(Peace be upon him) said : “Among the most evil of mankind will be those on whom the Hour comes when they are still alive, and those who take graves as places of worship’’.(Musnad Ahmad Hadith 3998)
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ ، حَدَّثَنَا زَائِدَةُ ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ ، عَنْ شَقِيقٍ ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ : " إِنَّ مِنْ شِرَارِ النَّاسِ مَنْ تُدْرِكُهُ السَّاعَةُ وَهُمْ أَحْيَاءٌ ، وَمَنْ يَتَّخِذُ الْقُبُورَ مَسَاجِدَ "
خلاصة حكم المحدث: إسناده صحيح

Source: http://­­hadith/­display_hbook.php?bk_­no=121&hid=3998&pid=­672351

Prophet (Sallal lahu aliwasalam) said: O Allah let not my grave be turned into a worshipped idol.The anger on those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible."
(see reference:-Muwatta Imam-Malik Book 045, Hadith Number 017.)

Narrated Sa'd bin 'Ubaidah:That Ibn 'Umar heard a man saying: "No by the Ka'bah" so Ibn 'Umar said: "Nothing is sworn by other than Allah, for I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) say: 'Whoever swears by other than Allah, he has committed disbelief or shirk.'"
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ، أَنَّ ابْنَ عُمَرَ، سَمِعَ رَجُلاً، يَقُولُ لاَ وَالْكَعْبَةِ . فَقَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ لاَ يُحْلَفُ بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ " مَنْ حَلَفَ بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ كَفَرَ أَوْ أَشْرَكَ " . قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ . وَفُسِّرَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ عِنْدَ بَعْضِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنَّ قَوْلَهُ " فَقَدْ كَفَرَ أَوْ أَشْرَكَ " عَلَى التَّغْلِيظِ . وَالْحُجَّةُ فِي ذَلِكَ حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَمِعَ عُمَرَ يَقُولُ وَأَبِي وَأَبِي . فَقَالَ " أَلاَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَنْهَاكُمْ أَنْ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبَائِكُمْ " . وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ " مَنْ قَالَ فِي حَلِفِهِ وَاللاَّتِ وَالْعُزَّى فَلْيَقُلْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ " . قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا مِثْلُ مَا رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ " إِنَّ الرِّيَاءَ شِرْكٌ " . وَقَدْ فَسَّرَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ هَذِهِ الآيَة : ( وَمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَاءَ رَبِّهِ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلاً صَالِحًا ) الآيَةَ قَالَ لاَ يُرَائِي .
Grade: Sahih
(Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1535;Tirmidhi English translation: Vol. 3, Book 18, Hadith 1535)

Sa’d ibn Ubaida reported: Ibn Umar heard a mean swearing, “No, by the Ka’bah!” So he said to him: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, say, “Whoever swears by other than Allah has committed an act of idolatry.”
عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ سَمِعَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ رَجُلًا يَحْلِفُ لَا وَالْكَعْبَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ عُمَرَ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ مَنْ حَلَفَ بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ أَشْرَكَ
3251 سنن أبي داود كتاب الأيمان والنذور باب في كراهية الحلف بالآباء
المحدث أحمد شاكر خلاصة حكم المحدث إسناده صحيح
[Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 21, Number 3251, Sahih]

It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbas said:"A man from among the Ansar accepted Islam, then he apostatized and went back to Shirk. Then he regretted that, and sent word to his people (saying): 'Ask the Messenger of Allah [SAW], is there any repentance for me?' His people came to the Messenger of Allah [SAW] and said: 'So and so regrets (what he did), and he has told us to ask you if there is any repentance for him?' Then the Verses: 'How shall Allah guide a people who disbelieved after their Belief up to His saying: Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful' was revealed. So he sent word to him, and he accepted Islam." (Sahih)
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ زُرَيْعٍ - قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا دَاوُدُ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ أَسْلَمَ ثُمَّ ارْتَدَّ وَلَحِقَ بِالشِّرْكِ ثُمَّ تَنَدَّمَ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ سَلُوا لِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم هَلْ لِي مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ فَجَاءَ قَوْمُهُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالُوا إِنَّ فُلاَنًا قَدْ نَدِمَ وَإِنَّهُ أَمَرَنَا أَنْ نَسْأَلَكَ هَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ فَنَزَلَتْ { كَيْفَ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ قَوْمًا كَفَرُوا بَعْدَ إِيمَانِهِمْ } إِلَى قَوْلِهِ { غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ } " . فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَسْلَمَ .
(Sunan Nasai English reference: Vol. 5, Book 1, Hadith 4073;Sunan Nasai Arabic reference: Book 38, Hadith 4085)

Comment:-The Companion of Prophet(peace be upon) committed Shirk,later he reverted to Islam. Now when a Sahabi can commit Shirk,then It's even possible with the common folk of our time.

It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said:
"When the Messenger of Allah [SAW] died, the 'Arabs apostatized, so 'Umar said: 'O Abu Bakr, how can you fight the 'Arabs?' Abu Bakr said: 'The Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: "I have been commanded to fight the people until they bear witness to La ilaha illallah (there is none worthy of worship except Allah) and that I am the Messenger of Allah, and they establish Salah and pay Zakah." By Allah, if they withhold from me a young goat that they used to give to the Messenger of Allah [SAW], I will fight them for it.' 'Umar said: 'By Allah, as soon as I realized how certain Abu Bakr was, I knew that it was the truth.'" (Sahih)
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَاصِمٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عِمْرَانُ أَبُو الْعَوَّامِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ارْتَدَّتِ الْعَرَبُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ كَيْفَ تُقَاتِلُ الْعَرَبَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِنَّمَا قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ حَتَّى يَشْهَدُوا أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ " . وَاللَّهِ لَوْ مَنَعُونِي عَنَاقًا مِمَّا كَانُوا يُعْطُونَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَقَاتَلْتُهُمْ عَلَيْهِ . قَالَ عُمَرُ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْتُ رَأْىَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَدْ شُرِحَ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ .
(Sunan Nasai English reference: Vol. 5, Book 1, Hadith 3974; Sunan Nasai Arabic reference: Book 38, Hadith 3986)

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, entered upon us while we were discussing the False Messiah. He said, “Shall I not tell you about what I fear for you more than the presence of the False Messiah?” We said, “Of course! He said, “Hidden idolatry; that a man stands for prayer and beautifies his prayer because he sees another man looking at him.”
عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ قَالَ خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَنَحْنُ نَتَذَاكَرُ الْمَسِيحَ الدَّجَّالَ فَقَالَ أَلَا أُخْبِرُكُمْ بِمَا هُوَ أَخْوَفُ عَلَيْكُمْ عِنْدِي مِنْ الْمَسِيحِ الدَّجَّالِ قَالَ قُلْنَا بَلَى فَقَالَ الشِّرْكُ الْخَفِيُّ أَنْ يَقُومَ الرَّجُلُ يُصَلِّي فَيُزَيِّنُ صَلَاتَهُ لِمَا يَرَى مِنْ نَظَرِ رَجُلٍ
سنن ابن ماجه كِتَاب الزُّهْدِ الشرك الخفي أن يقوم الرجل يصلي فيزين صلاته
[Sunan Ibn Majah, Book of Asceticism, Number 4204, Hasan]

Narrated ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) heard that some people were visiting the tree under which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had accepted the bay’ah of people, so he commanded that it should be cut down.
حَدَّثَنَا حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ ، قَالَ : أَنَا ابْنُ عَوْنٍ ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ ، قَالَ : " بَلَغَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أَنَّ نَاسًا يَأْتُونَ الشَّجَرَةَ الَّتِي بُويِعَ تَحْتَهَا ، قَالَ : فَأَمَرَ بِهَا فَقُطِعَتْ



b)Refuting arguments of those who quote below hadiths to prove shirk will not take place in the ummah.

First Hadith
أن حذيفة يعني ابن اليمان رضي الله عنه حدثه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلّم «إن مما أتخوف عليكم رجل قرأ القرآن حتى إذا رؤيت بهجته عليه وكان رداؤه الإسلام اعتراه إلى ما شاء الله انسلخ منه ونبذه وراء ظهره وسعى على جاره بالسيف ورماه بالشرك» قال قلت يانبي الله أيهما أولى بالشرك المرمي أو الرامي ؟ قال «بل الرامي»
Hudhaifa i.e. Ibn al Yaman (ra) said that the Prophet (saw) said: Verily, I fear about a man from you who will read the Qur'an so much that his face will become enlightened and he will come to personify Islam. This will continue until Allah desires. Then these things will be taken away from him when he will disregard them by putting them all behind his back and will attack his neighbor with the sword accusing him of Shirk. The Prophet was asked - which of the two will be deserving of such an accusation? - The attacker or the attacked? The Prophet replied - the attacker (the one accusing the other of Shirk) [Narrated by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih, Volume No. 1, Page No. 282]

a) Shaykh Siddique Raza responded:

First Response: This narration is Khabar al-Wahid which according to the rule of opponents is not enough to make aqeedah and takhsees of Quran. By watching thier rule they should not quote this hadith......

Second response: This is clear in the hadith that the person will "accuse" him with shirk. And regarding accusing normally Muslims know that this is regarding accusing the other Muslim who is not doing shirk. And this is the ruling of Islam that if the person issues a fatwa of kafir on other Muslim or he sends lanah on other Muslim, But In reality the one (who is accused) is not doing shirk then the person who is issuing fatwa of kafir is himself a kafir.

Narrated abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If a man says to his brother, O kafir (disbeliever)!' Then surely one of them is such (i.e., a Kifir).[Bukhari no: 6103]

This is narrated from Abdullah bin Omar that Prophet peace be upon him said: "If a Muslim man says to his Muslim brother a Kafir If he is really a Kafir then okay. Otherwise he (who issued the fatwa) himself is a Kafir" [Abu Dawud no: 4687]

Above hadith provided by opponents is talking about same person who is accusing his Muslim neighbor for the shirk. As it is clear from the words of "accusing". In reality the neighbour is not doing the shirk, Thats why the accuser will be the mushrik, his wrong fatwa will come back to him.

Third response: Nothing is mentioned in this hadith that Shirk can not happen in the ummah of Prophet peace be upon him.....

Fourth Response: If we see this hadith closely then it is proven from this hadith that the person who has eman on Prophet peace be upon him and who is in ummah of Prophet peace be upon him can be a mushriq. Like if a person is saying you are mushriq and other is not mushriq then the issuer of fatwa will be himself a mushriq.(how can they say ummah will not indulge in shirk then?)

Fifth Response: both sides in fact all the people of Islam has the rule that A hadith is the commentary of other hadith (then he quoted ahadith where it is mentioned people of Ummah will do shirk)
 [Ummat aur shirk ka khatrah 115-116]

b) Sh Ayman bin Khaled (of Multaqa) said:

The most I fear on you is a man who will recite the Quran until its brightness appears on him and he becomes a supporter to Islam (in another narrtion it says he envolope himself in Islam), he (i.e. the man) changes it (what he learnt or Islam) to what Allah permits and will. Upon that, the man become detached from it (i.e. Islam), and he throws it behind his back, and start to fight his neighbor (i.e sword is used here to show that its physical fighting with weapon), and he accuse him (his neighbor) with shirk". I ( Hudhaifah) said: O prophet of Allah, who amongst them both deserve to be called a Mushrik? The accused or the accuser? He replied: "The accuser".

Ibn Hibban placed this narrtion under the Book of knowledge, under the section of "The Prophet fearing on his Ummah the arguments of hypocrits".

Ibn katheer, on the other hand, he mentioned this narrtaion in his Tafseer under the ayaa: "Recite on them the news of the man who we gave him our ayaat yet he detached himself from it".

The above shows that scholars who mentioned this hadeeth understood it in term of those who were given knowledge yet they afterwards distorted and changed the knowledge for whichever reasons in order to suit their desires and whims. So, the fiqh of this hadeeth is

a. To condemn those who use religion to suit their desires and personal interest

b. To warn us from the possibility that the bless of guidence and knowledge can be taken away from us as no one safe except those who sincerely look for it.

c. To warn us against hypocrits who accuse Muslims with Shirk without a valid reason (this is a warning to laypeople who have the gut to declare others Mushrik or commiting Shirk without knowledge, therefore, such matters are left to scholars to decide and average Muslims can only decalre what is clear to be shirk and Kufr as other topics could carry details and information that are unknown to layepople)

d. A Muslim need to start his advice with words and kindness and never to begin denying first with killing, since the man in narration is hown to immediatly kill after detaching from the Islam.

e. Every Muslim need to worry about himself and ask Alalh to hold him fast to his Religion and to protect him from deviation as it can happen over a night and we are created weak after all.

Wallahu A'lam(end quote of Shaykh Ayam)

Second Hadith:
Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59 [al maghazi - the battles], Number 374: Narrated Uqba bin Amir: Allah's Apostle offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud eight years after (their death), as if bidding farewell to the living and the dead, then he ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your predecessor before you, and I am a witness on you, and your promised place to meet me will be Al-Haud (i.e. the Tank) (on the Day of Resurrection), and I am (now) looking at it from this place of mine. I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah, but I am afraid that worldly life will tempt you and cause you to compete with each other for it." That was the last look which I cast on Allah's Apostle.


Ibn Hajar said in the chapter of "Signs of Prophethood": hadeeth 3401
ووقع ما هو المشاهد المحسوس لكل أحد مما يشهد بمصداق خبره صلى الله عليه وسلم ، ووقع من ذلك في هذا الحديث إخباره بأنه فرطهم أي سابقهم وكان كذلك ، وأن أصحابه لا يشركون بعده فكان كذلك ، ووقع ما أنذر به من التنافس في الدنيا ، وتقدم في معنى ذلك حديث عمرو بن عوف مرفوعا ما الفقر أخشى عليكم ولكن أخشى عليكم أن تبسط الدنيا عليكم كما بسطت على من كان قبلكم وحديث أبي سعيد في معناه فوقع كما أخبر وفتحت عليهم الفتوح الكثيرة وصبت عليهم الدنيا صبا ، وسيأتي مزيد لذلك في كتاب الرقاق .
"He informed in this Hadith that he will be their predecessor at the Hawd, and this will occur as such, and that his companions will not commit Shirk after him, and this occurred as such, and he warned about competing for this world and this occurred, and this meaning has been mentioned in the Hadith of Amr ibn Awf in a Marfu' way: "I do not fear poverty for you, but I fear that this world will be presented for you as it was presented for those before you" and the Hadith of Abu Sa'id in the same meaning, and this occurred as well as they conquered many lands and the world spread for them in great quantity, and more will be mentioned about this in the chapters of heart softeners (Riqaq)"

Abu Ad-Darda reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, came out to us when we were mentioning poverty and how much we feared it. The Prophet said, “Is it poverty that you fear? By the one in whose hand is my soul, the world will come to you in plenty and nothing will cause the heart of any one of you to deviate but that. By Allah, I am leaving you upon a path whose clearness is like the night and day.”
عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ قَالَ خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَنَحْنُ نَذْكُرُ الْفَقْرَ وَنَتَخَوَّفُهُ فَقَالَ أَلْفَقْرَ تَخَافُونَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَتُصَبَّنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ الدُّنْيَا صَبًّا حَتَّى لَا يُزِيغَ قَلْبَ أَحَدِكُمْ إِزَاغَةً إِلَّا هِيهْ وَايْمُ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ تَرَكْتُكُمْ عَلَى مِثْلِ الْبَيْضَاءِ لَيْلُهَا وَنَهَارُهَا سَوَاءٌ
[Sunan Ibn Majah, Introduction, Number 5, Hasan]

Third Hadith
"The Shaytaan has despaired of ever being worshipped by the worshippers in the Arabian Peninsula." In another hadeeth it says: "Night and day will not cease until al-Laat and al-'Uzza are worshipped."

Response (Islamqa Fatwa no: 42919)

Praise be to Allaah.

One of the things that are established by the scholars is that shirk will take place in the ummah as is indicated by the sound texts, and reality confirms this.

Many of the Arabs apostatized after the death of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and many of them went back to worshipping idols.

The mujaddid (renewer of the Faith) Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhaab said: "Chapter: Reports that some of this ummah will worship idols", then he mentioned some ahaadeeth which indicate that.

With regard to the hadeeth: "The Shaytaan has despaired of ever being worshipped..." the scholars have interpreted it in several ways:

1 – That the Shaytaan has despaired of ever getting all worshippers to unite on kufr.

This view was favoured by the great scholar Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali. Al-Darar al-Sunnah, 12/117.

2 – That this is a report of the despair that befell the Shaytaan when he saw the conquests and how the people entered the religion of Allaah in crowds. So the hadeeth is telling us what the Shaytaan thought and he expected to happen. Then what really happened was something other than that, for a reason decreed by Allaah.

This view was favoured by Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him). Al-Qawl al-Mufeed, 1/211.

3 – That the Shaytaan despaired of the believers whose faith is complete, because the Shaytaan has no hope that they will worship him.

This view was favoured by al-Aloosi. See Da'aawa al-Munaawi'een, 224.

4 – That the "al-" in the word "al-musalloon" (worshippers) refers to a specific group of worshippers, and that what is meant is the Sahaabah.

All of these interpretations are close in meaning, and the most likely is the second. And Allaah knows best.

See Ahaadeeth al-'Aqeedah allati yuwahham Zaahiruha al-Ta'aarud fi'l-Saheehayn, 2/232-238 .(end quote)

See also:

a) Proof that Ummah will do Shirk

b) Shirk in Ummah

c)The Hour(Qiyamah) is near.

Some people try to justify their Shirk by saying those Prophecies were referring to the Events near to the Hour(Qiyamah).The Answer is Qiyamah(hour) is  near.

Allah Says,
ٱقۡتَرَبَتِ ٱلسَّاعَةُ وَٱنشَقَّ ٱلۡقَمَرُ
''The Hour(Qiyamat) has come near, and the moon has split [in two].''(Surah Qamar 54:1)

Jabir b. Abdullah said: When Allah's Messenger (may peace he upon him) delivered the sermon, his eyes became red, his voice rose. and his anger increased so that he was like one giving a warning against the enemy and saying:" The enemy has made a morning attack on you and in the evening too." He would also say:" The last Hour and I have been sent like these two." and he would join his forefinger and middle finger."(Sahih Muslim Vol.1 Hadith.1999)

Comment:-It's proven from above Hadith that Qiyamat(Hour) near.

d)How to Guard ourselves from Shirk?

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari that Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O people, beware of this shirk (form of polytheism), for it is more subtle than the footsteps of an ant. The one whom Allaah willed  speak to him, “How can we beware of it when it is more subtle than the footsteps of an ant, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Say,
اللهم إنا نعوذ بك من أن نشرك بك شيئا نعلمه ونستغفرك لما لا نعلم
Allaahumma innaa na’oodhu bika min an nushrika bika shay’an na’lamuhu wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na’lam
(O Allaah, we seek refuge with You from knowingly associating anything with You, and we seek Your forgiveness for that which we do unknowingly).”
خطبنا أبو موسى الأشعري فقال يا أيها الناس اتقوا هذا الشرك فإنه أخفى من دبيب النمل فقام إليه عبد الله بن حزن وقيس بن المضارب فقالا والله لتخرجن مما قلت أو لنأتين عمر مأذونا لنا أو غير مأذون فقال بل أخرج مما قلت خطبنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات يوم فقال يا أيها الناس اتقوا هذا الشرك فإنه أخفى من دبيب النمل فقال له من شاء الله أن يقول وكيف نتقيه وهو أخفى من دبيب النمل يا رسول الله قال قولوا اللهم إنا نعوذ بك من أن نشرك بك شيئا نعلمه ونستغفرك لما لا نعلمه
الراوي: أبو موسى الأشعري المحدث: المنذري - المصدر: الترغيب والترهيب - الصفحة أو الرقم: 1/59
خلاصة حكم المحدث: رواته إلى أبي علي محتج بهم في الصحيح أبو علي وثقه ابن حبان ولم أر أحدا جرحه
(Musannaf Ibn-Abi Shayba Hadith 28966; Musnad Ahmad Hadith 19171)

e)For Urdu Readers

امت مسلمہ کے شرک کے متعلق احادیثہ نبویہ ۖ

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

ثوبان رض سے ایک طویل حدیث میں ہے کہ رسول اللہ ۖ نے فرمایا:
{لا تقوم الساعۃ حتی تلحق قبائل من امتی بالمشرکین و حتی تعبد قبائل من امتی الاوثان}
" اتنی دیر تک قیامت قائم نہیں ہوگی جب تک میری امت کے قبائل مشرکین کے ساتھ نہ مل جائيں اور یہاں تک کہ میری امت کے قبائل بتوں کی عبادت کریں گے-"
ابو داؤد، کتاب فتن:4252- مسند احمد: 5/278- 284- ابن ماجہ:2/1304 (3952)- مسند طیالسی (991)/ 133-

نبی کریم ۖ کی یہ پیشین گوئی بالکل سچ ثابت ہوئی، نبی ۖ کی امت میں سے آج کتنے ہی لوگ ایسے ہیں جو بت پرستی کے شرک میں مبتلا ہیں-
اولا: قبر کی عبادت کرنا ہی بت پرستی ہے:
نبی پاک ۖ کا ارشاد گرامی ہے:
{ اللہم لا تجعل قبری و ثنا لعن اللہ قوما اتخذو قبور انبیاءھم مساجد}
" اے اللہ! میری قبر کو بت نہ بنانا (کہ اس کی عبادت کی جائے) اللہ تعالی کی لعنت برسے ایسی قوم پر جنہوں نے اپنے انبیاء کی قبروں پر مسجدیں بنائيں"
مسند حمیدی:1025- مسند احمد: 2/246- عبدالرزاق:8/464

فقہ حنفیہ کی معتبر کتاب ردالمختار میں مرقوم ہے:
{ اصل عبادۃ الاصنام اتخاذ قبور الصالحین مساجد}
" بتوں کی عبادت کی اصل وجہ نیک لوگوں کی قبروں پر مسجد بنانا ہے-"
(اکمل البیان:45)

اس صحیح حدیث سے معلوم ہوا کہ قبروں پر مسجدیں بنانا، وہاں عبادت کرنا، قبروں پر سجدہ ریزی وغیرہ کا مفھوم قبروں کو بت بنانا ہے لہذا جس بھی قبر پر عبادت سر انجام دی جاتی ہیں وہ بت ہین، ان کی پرستش کرنا لعنت کا مستحق ٹھرنا ہے-

- سیدنا عمر رض کو جب معلوم ہوا کہ بعیت رضوان والے درخت کی لوگ پوجا پاٹ کرنے لگے ہیں اور اسے متبرک سمجھ کر اس کی عبادت کرنے لگے ہیں تو انہوں نے اسے اکھڑوادیا تھا-
{ عن نافع ان عمر رضی اللہ عنہ بلغہ ان قوما یاتون الشجرۃ فیصلون عندھا فتوعدھم ثم امر بقطعھا فقطعت}
" نافع رحمہ اللہ فرماتے ہیں کہ عمر رض کو یہ بات پہنچی کہ کچھ لوگ (بیت رضوان والے) درخت کے پاس آکر نمازيں ادا کرتے ہیں تو انہوں نے ان کو ڈرایا دھمکایا پھر اسے کاٹنے کا حکم دیا، پس اسے کاٹ دیا گیا-"
فتح بلباری: 7/448- طبقات ابن سعد: 2/100- البدع والنھی عنھا لمحمد بن وضاع- 42،43- ابن ابی شیبہ: 2/375، مطبوعہ حیدرآباد دکن- حافظ ابن حجر رح نے اس کی سند کو صحیح قرار دیا ہے-

معلوم ہوا کہ آپ ۖ کی پیشین گوئی سچی ثابت ہوئی، آپ ۖ کا کلمہ پڑھنے والوں نے اس درخت کو متبرک جان لیا- جہاں آپۖ نے 1400 صحابہ کرام رض سے بعیت لی تھی وہاں آکر لوگوں نے نمازيں ادا کرنا شروع کردیں- خلیفتہ المسلمین عمر بن الخطاب رض نے ان لوگوں کو ڈانٹا بھی اور اسے کٹوا بھی دیا-

علامہ احمد الرومی الحنفی رح اپنی کتاب مجالس الابرار میں فرماتے ہیں:
" قبروں کے لیے شمع، تیل وغیرہ نذر ماننا جائز نہیں، اس لیے کہ یہ معصیت و نافرمانی کی نذر ہے جو پوری کرنا جائز نہیں بلکہ اس پر قسم کے کفارے جیسا کفارہ لازم آئے گا اور ان قبروں پر اس جیسی اشیاء کا وقف کرنا بھی جائز نہیں، ایسا وقف یقینا نا درست ہے، اس کا اثبات اور نفوذ حلال نہیں- امام ابوبکر طرطوشی رح نے فرمایا: " دیکھو (اللہ تمہارے اوپر رحم کرے) جہاں کہیں بھی تم ایسا درخت پاؤ ج ولوگوں (کی حاجت) کا مقصود ہو اور وہ اس کی تعظیم کرتے ہوں اور اس سے تندرستی و شفاء کی امید رکھتے ہوں، ان میں کیل ٹھونکتے اور کپڑے لٹکاتے ہوں تو وہ ذات انواط ہے اسے کاٹ دو-"
(مجلس الابرار ص 20 مطبوعہ الریاض)
لہذا ایسے مقامات جہاں پر دوختوں کی پوجا پاٹ ہوتی ہے انہیں ختم کردینا چاہیے تاکہ شرک کا خاتمہ ہو ایسے قبے اور پختہ مزارات کو گرانا واجب ہے-

ابو ہریرہ رض سے روایت ہے کہ رسول اللہ ۖ نے فرمایا:
{ لا تقوم السّاعۃ حتّی تضطرب الیات نساء دوس علی ذی الخلصہ و ذوالخلصہ: طاعیۃ دوس الّتی کانو یعبدونھا فی الجاھلیّۃ}
" اس وقت تک قیامت قائم نہیں ہوگی، یہاں تک کہ دوس قبیلہ کی عورتوں کے سرین ذی الخلصہ پر حرکت کریں گے، ذوالخلصہ دوس قبیلہ کا بت تھا جس کی وہ جاہلیت میں عبادت کرتے تھے-"
( بخاری، کتاب الفتن، باب تغیر الزماں حتی تعبد الاوثان: 7226- کتاب السنۃ لابن ابی عاصم: (77،78) 1/38- مسند احمد: 2/271- صحیح مسلم، کتاب الفتن، باب لا تقوم الساعۃ حتی تعبد دوس الخصلۃ: 2906)
سرین ہلنے کا مطلب یہ ہے کہ اس بت کا طواف اور اس کی بندگی کریں گی، معلوم ہوا کہ بت پرستی امت مسلمہ میں قیامت سے پہلے داخل ہوجائے گی اور بت پرستی کو تو ادنی سا مسلمان بھی شرک

صحیح مسلم کی ایک حدیث ہے:
{ عن عائشہ رض قالت سمعت رسول اللہ ۖ یقول: لا یذھب الّیل والنّھار حتّی تعبد الّات و العزّی}
" عائشہ رض نے کہا میں نے رسول اللہ ۖ کو کہتے ہوئے سنا کہ اتنی دین تک رات اور دن ختم نہیں ہوں کے یہاں تک کہ لات و عزی کی پرستش کی جائے گی"
صحیح مسلم، کتاب الفتن: 2097)

اس صحیح حدیث سے بھی معلوم ہوا کہ قیامت سے قبل پھر لات و عزی کی عبادت ہونے لگے گی، لوگ اسلام کی تعلیمات کو پس پشت ڈال کر لات و عزی کی عبادت کرنے لگ جائيں گے اور لات و عزی کی عبادت صریح شرک ہے-
ابوذر رض سے روایت ہے کہ رسول اللہ ۖ نے فرمایا:
{ اتانی جبریل علیہ السلام فبشّرنی انہ من مات من امتک لا یشرک باللہ دخل الجنۃ قلت وان زنا و ان سرق؟ قال وان زنا وان سرق}
" میرے پاس جبریل علیہ السلام تشریف لائے، انہوں نے مجھے اس بات کی بشارت دی کہ آپ ۖ کی امت میں سے جو آدمی اس حالت میں مرا کہ وہ اللہ کے ساتھ کسی چيز کو شریک نہیں کرتا تھا وہ جنت میں داخل ہوا- میں نے کہا اگر اس نے زنا اور چوری بھی کی ہو تب بھی جنت میں داخل ہوگ؟ آپ ۖ نے فرمایا: اگر اس نے ونا اور چوری بھی کی ہو-"
( صحیح مسلم، کتاب الایمان:153)

یعنی وہ اپنے گناھ کی سزا بھگت کر جنت میں داخل ہوجائے گا لیکن اس امت میں سے شرک کرنے والا ہمیشہ کے لی ےجہنم میں جلتا رہے گا، اس بات کی وضاحت مسلم شریف کے باب اثبات الشفاعۃ و اخراج الموحدین من النار سے بھی ہوجاتی ہے-
ابو ہریرہ رض سے مروی ہے کہ رسول اللہ ۖ نے فرمایا:
{ لکلّ نبّی دعوۃ مستحابۃ فتعجّل کلّ نبّی دعوۃ وانّی اختاب دعوتی شفاعۃ لامّتی یوم القیامۃ نائلۃ ان شاءاللہ من مات من امّتی لایشرک باللہ شیئا}
" ہر نبی کی ایک دعا قبول کی جاتی ہے- ہر نبی نے اپنی دعا میں جلدی کی اور میں نے اپنی دعا اپنی امت کی شفاعت کے لی ےقیامت والے دن کے لیے چھپا رکھی ہے اور میری دعا ان شاءاللہ میری امت میں سے ہر اس آدمی کو پہنچے گی جو اس حالت میں فوت ہوا کہ وہ اللہ کے ساتھ کسی کر شریک نہیں ٹھراتا تھا"
(صحیح مسلم، الایمان:338- شرح السنہ، کتاب الدعوۃ: (1237) 5/6- مسند ابی عوانہ:90)

معاویہ بن حیدہ رض نے کہا، رسول اللہ ۖ نے فرمایا:
{ لا تقبل اللہ من مشرک اشرک بعد ماک اسلم عملا حتّی یفارق المشرکین الی المسلمین}
"اللہ تعالی کسی ایسے مشرک کا کوئی معل قبول نہیں کرتا جس نے اسلام لانے کے بعد شرک کیا حتی کہ مشرکین کو چھوڑ کر مسلمانوں میں آجائے-"
(ابن ماجہ؛ کتاب الحدود، باب المرتد عن دینۃ:2536- مسند احمد: 4/ 447)

عبداللہ بن مسعود رض فرماتے ہیں جب یہ آیت نازل ہوئی:
" وہ لوگ جو ایمان لائے اور انہوں نے اپنے ایمان کو ظلم کا لبادہ نہیں پہنایا، انہیں لوگوں کے لیے امن ہے اور یہی ہدایت یافتہ ہیں-"

تو صحابہ کریم رض نے کہا ہم میں سے کس نے ظلم نہیں کیا؟ تو اللہ نے اس ظلم کی توضیح کرتے ہوئے یہ آیت نازل کردی:
{ انّ الشّرک لظلم عظیم}
" بے شک شرک ظلم عظیم ہے-"
( صحیح بخاری، کتاب الایمان، باب ظلم دون ظلم:32)

معلوم ہوا کہ ایمان لانے کے بعد بھی آدمی شرک کرسکتا ہے اور شرک کرنے کی وجہ سے اسے مشرک کہا جاسکتا ہے-

{ واللہ ما اخاف علیکم ان تشرکوابعدی ولکن اخاف علیکم ان تنافسو فیھا}
" اللہ کی قسم! میں تمہارے متعلق اس بات سے نہیںڈدرتا کہ تم میرے بعد شرک کرو گے لیکن مجھے ڈر ہے کہ تم ایک دوسرے کے مقابلے پر دنیا میں رغبت کرو گے-"
( صحیح بخاری، کتاب الجنائز:1344)

پیش کرکے کہتے ہیں کہ امت مسلمہ کبھی شرک نہیں کرسکتی- اسی طرح شداد بن اوس رض سے روایت ہے کہ رسول اللہ ۖ نے فرمایا:
{ان اخوف ما اتخوّف علی امّتی الاشراک باللہ امّا انّی لست اقول یعبدون شمسا ولا قمرا ولا مثنا ولکن اعمالا لغیراللہ وشھوۃ خفیّۃ}
" مجھے اپنی امت پر سب سے زیادہ اشراک باللہ کا خوف ہے بہر کیف میں یہ تو نہیں کہتا کہ وہ سورج، چاند اور بتوں کی عبادت کریں گے بلکہ وہ غیر اللہ کی خاطر اعمال کریں گے اور محض خواہشات کے پیرو ہوں گے، یعنی خالص اللہ کے لیے عمل نہین کریں گے بلکہ دکھاوا کریں گے-"
( ابن ماجہ، کتاب الزھد الریاء والسمعہ:4205- مسند احمد: 4/124)


ان ہر دو احادیث کا مطلب یہ ہے کہ امت مسلمہ مجموعی طور پر مشرک نہیں ہوگی بلکہ بعض افراد امت مسلمہ سے ایسے ہونگے جو شرک کے مرتکب ہوں گے اور بعض قبائل بت پوجنا شروع کردیں گے جیسا کہ اوپر ابوداؤد، مسند احمد اور ابن ماجہ کے حوالے سے حدیث ثوبان رض سے مستفاد ہوتا ہے-
1/ شارح بخاری حافظ ابن حجر عسقلانی رح رقمطراز ہیں:
{قولہ (ما اخاف علیکم ان تشرکو) ای علی مجموعہ لانّ ذالک قد مقع من البعض اعاذنا اللہ تعالی}
" نبی پاک ۖ کے اس فرمان (مجھے تمہارے متعلق شرک کا ڈر نہیں) کا مطلب یہ ہے کہ تم مجموعی طور پر شرک نہیں کرو گے اس لیے کہ امت مسلمہ میں سے بعض افراد کی جانب سے شرک کا وقوع ہوا ہے، اللہ تعالی اپنی پناہ میں رکھے-"
( فتح الباری:3/211)

2/ علامہ بدر الدین عینی حنفی رح رقمطراز ہیں:

{ معناہ علی مجموعکم لانّ ذالک قد وقع من البعض والعیاذ باللہ تعالی}
( عمدۃ القاری، شرح صحیح بخاری: 8/157)

3/ علامہ ابو العباس احمد بن محمد القسطلانی رح فرماتے ہیں:

{ ای ما اخاف علی جمیعکم الاشراک بل علی مجموعکم لانّذالک قد وقع من البعض}
( ارشاد الساری لشرح صحیح بخاری:2/440)

" ان ہر دو عبارات کا مفہوم بھی وہی ہے جو حافظ ابن حجر رح کی عبارت کا ہے-"

ائمہ محدثین رح کی تشریج سے معلوم ہوا کہ امت مسلمہ مجموعی طور پر مشرک نہین ہوگی البتہ بعض افراد و قبائل شرک کریں گے جیسا کہ آج کل بہت سے لوگ اہل قبور سے استغاثہ، فریاد رسی، نذر و نیاز وغیرہ کے شرک میں مبتلا ہیں-

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